Ecstatic Naturalism: A Guide

I. Ecstatic Naturalism Overview
(credit: from Sigridur Gudmarsdottir, "Corrington, Robert S. (1950-)."  Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature. New York: Thoeemes Continuum, 2005 and First International Congress on Ecstatic Naturalism website).  

Ecstatic naturalism views nature as having two dimensions: “nature naturing” and “nature natured” (Averroes, Spinoza, Buchler).  Unlike most other naturalist philosophies, ecstatic naturalism is committed to thinking about the sacred in nature.  Nature naturing represents the vastness of nature which gives birth to nature natured (i.e. the multiple orders and complexes of the world).  Nature naturing is not only the origin of everything else, but a destination as well, a “not-yet” (Heidegger).  The ontological difference between the two dimensions of nature is, for ecstatic naturalism, held open by an abyss, which a person must confront in order to gain meaning of the world. […] 

One of the capacities of nature is seen to be an “infinitizing” process, capable of opening up new sacred dimensions for experiencing selves. […]  

The ultimate understanding of the relation between divine and nature rests not only in its distinction from theism but also from the theological framework of panentheism and the process theologies of Alfred North Whitehead (1861 – 1947) and Charles Hartshorne (1897 – 2000).  Spinoza’s monism is usually accepted as the classical form of pantheism: a totally deterministic reality and a god hound by actuality.  Panentheism attempts to reassert the godhead as the totality of both actual and potential being.  But unlike the “god is all” stance of pantheism, panentheism [“all in god”] …asserts that all things are within the being of god… but god is not subsumed or “exhausted” by all things and is additionally something other than the world or cosmos. [...] 
Ecstatic naturalism [on the other hand] is a perspective that seeks to move toward an aesthetic phenomenology of nature’s “sacred folds”...where “nature” may be understood to mean an encompassing reality that has no other, there is no referent “for” nature nor any outside “to” nature. Nature is all that there is: nature is "whatever is, in whatever way it is."
From nature’s sacred folds emerges a fierce self-othering, nature naturing, where “it” moves ecstatically ejecting semiotically dense momenta. Nature naturing is the inexhaustible well of nature’s atemporal creating underconscious, “it” is the not-yet-in-time mode of preordinal expression. This preordinal expression manifests itself as created nature, a plane of immanence composed of innumerable orders, or nature natured
The plane of nature natured is not without access to its depth dimension however, and the creativity of the depth dimension does not necessarily evidence a telic plan, either. Nature naturing is not the unified will or intelligence of a supreme Being, and “it” is not the sacred, for there is no “whatness” to nature naturing, but only “its” “how.” Unlike other theological perspectives friendly to the tradition of naturalism (process thought, for example) an ecstatic naturalism denies that nature naturing molds nature natured simply into pleasing shapes. Melancholy, pain, and anguish are just as much to be accounted for in the aesthetic phenomenology that an ecstatic naturalism employs.

From the beginning, the dialogue with phenomenology has led to an ordinal phenomenology working in tandem with a horizonal hermeneutics to articulate regnant orders of relevance...Increasingly, the powerful system of Schopenhauer has emerged as one of the most important dialogue partners of ecstatic naturalism, helping open the door to an aesthetic transfiguration (replacement?) of religion. Aesthetic sacred folds hold and proffer the irruptions of the so-called holy within the innumerable orders of the “world.” [...]

While the conscious represents only one set of aspects of our relation with nature natured, the unconscious is our direct connection both to wider aspects of nature natured, and in certain respects, to the potencies that emerge from nature naturing. The conscious life is much more precarious than traditional monotheisms would allow, but also more magical than traditional naturalisms could recognize.

A new generation of ecstatic naturalists is moving into novel and rich dimensions with their own amplification and critiques of ecstatic naturalism. 

Some philosophers and theologians important for the development of ecstatic naturalism:  C.S. Peirce, Martin Heidegger, Friedrich Schelling, G.W.F. Hegel, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Arthur Schopenhauer, Karl Jaspers, Paul Tillich, Robert Cummings Neville, Justus Buchler, Alfred North Whitehead, Charles Hartshorne, Immanuel Kant, Julia Kristeva, Sigmund Freud.

II. Ecstatic Naturalism Resources
A. Ecstatic Naturalism: Fundamental Texts (courtesy Robert S. Corrington website)
A Semiotic Theory of Theology and Philosophy, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), xi & 268 pgs. ISBN 0-521-78271-6 (hard). Second edition, Cambridge, 2009. ISBN-13: 9780521093248; Korean translation.
First Part: The Paradox of 'Nature' and Psychosemiosis [download chapter]
Second Part: The Sign Vehicle and Its Pathways
Third Part: World Semiosis and the Evolution of Meaning

Nature's Religion (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, Pub., 1997). xvi & 206 pgs. ISBN 0-8476-8699-X (hard), ISBN 0-8476-8750-3 (paper).
Foreword by Robert C. Neville
Introduction: The How of Nature and the Where of the Sacred
Chapter One: Sacred Folds
Chapter Two: Intervals
Chapter Three: Unruly Ground
Chapter Four: Spirit's Eros

Nature's Self: Our Journey from Origin to Spirit, (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, Pub.,1996) vii & 187 pgs. ISBN 0-8476-8133-5 (hard), ISBN 0-8476-8134-3 (paper).
Introduction: Nature's Self and the Ontological Difference
Chapter One: Finitude and Embodiment
Chapter Two: Fitful Transcendence
Chapter Three: Potencies and Infinitesimals
Chapter Four: Nature's Self-Disclosure

Ecstatic Naturalism: Signs of the World, Advances in Semiotics, (Bloomington, IN: IndianaUniversity Press, 1994) xiv & 218 pgs. ISBN 0-253-31441-0 (hard).
Foreword by John Deely: Natura Naturans and Natura Naturata
Introduction: Semiotics and Metaphysics
Chapter One: Ecstatic Naturalism
Chapter Two: Infinite Semiosis
Chapter Three: Betweenness
Chapter Four: Meaning and Mystery

An Introduction to C.S. Peirce: Philosopher, Semiotician, and Ecstatic Naturalist, (Lanham, MD:Rowman & Littlefield, Pub., 1993) xii & 229 pgs. ISBN 0-8476-7813-X (hard), ISBN 0-8476-7814-8 (pbk.). 
Introduction: Peirce's Melancholy 
Chapter One: Pragmatism and Abduction 
Chapter Two: The Sign-Using Self and Its Communities 
Chapter Three: Firstness, Secondness, Thirdness: The Universe of Signs 
Chapter Four: The Evolving God and the Heart of Nature 
                                  Conclusion: Peircean Prospects

Nature and Spirit: An Essay in Ecstatic Naturalism, (New York: Fordham University Press, 1992) xi & 207 pgs. ISBN 0-8232-1362-5 (hard), ISBN 0-8232-1363-3 (pbk.).
Introduction: The Method and Scope of the Treatise
Chapter One: The Human Process
Chapter Two: The Signs of Community
Chapter Three: Worldhood
Chapter Four: The Divine Natures

B. Interviews
  • Leon J. Niemoczynski, "An Introduction to Ecstatic Naturalism: Interview with Robert S. Corrington." KINESIS 36, no. 1 (Spring 2009). [download]
  • "Tales out of School." Drew Magazine (Spring 2002) 19-24. [download]

C. Articles
    1. "Evolution, Religion, and an Ecstatic Naturalism," in American Journal of Theology and Philosophy, (Spring 2010), pp. 124-135. [download]
    2. "An Appraisal and Critique of Alfred North Whitehead's Process and Reality--corrected edition (1929 & 1978) and Justus Buchler's Metaphysics of Natural Complexes--second, expanded edition (1966 & 1990)," (Published by author, 2009). [download]
    3. "Cosmology," and "Josiah Royce: Epistemology," in American Philosophy: An Encyclopedia, ed. John Lachs & Robert Talisse, (Routledge, 2008), pp. 140-143; 678-679. [download]
    4. "Deep Pantheism," Journal for the Study of Religion, Nature and Culture, Vol. 1, No. 4, October 2007, pp. 503-507. [download]
      "American Transcendentalism's Erotic Aquatecture," in Towards a Theology of Eros, ed. Virginia Burrus & Catherine Keller, (Fordham University Press, 2006), chapter pp. 221-233. [download]
      "Spinoza, Baruch (1632-1677)," and "Unitarianism," in Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature, Vol. 2, ed. Bron R. Taylor, (Thoemmes Continuum, 2005), pp. 1588-1590; 1678-1680. [download]
    5. "Response to My Critics." American Journal of Theology & Philosophy, Vol. 26, No. 3. Sept. 2005, p. 263. [download]
    6. "Infinitizing Psychoanalysis." Proceedings of the Korean Lacan Society.Meeting jointly with the 5th International Whitehead Conference. 2004, pp. 23-40. [download]
    7. "From the Process Self to the Ecstatic Self: Pantheism Reconsidered." Whitehead, Religion, Psychology.The Whitehead Society of Korea, 5th International Whitehead Conference,. 2004 pp. 98-105. [download]
    8. Symposium: "Altruism First and Last." With Paul Zwollo and Abraham Oron. Daily New Bulletin of the 128th International Convention of the Theosophical Society, Adyar, No. 4 (Dec. 2003): 3-5. [download]
    9. "Karma, Reincarnation, and Freedom," in The Theosophist, Vol. 124, No. 11, August 2003, pp. 414-420. [download]
    10. "Unfolding/Enfolding: The Categorial Schema, Semiotics 2002, ed. by Terry J. Prewitt & John Deely, (New York: Legas), 2003, pp. 164-170. [download]
    11. "Ecstatic Naturalism," Research News & Opportunities in Science and Theology, Vol. 3, No. 10. June 2003, p. [download]
    12. "My Passage From Panentheism to Pantheism," The American Journal of Theology and Philosophy, Vol. 23, # 2, May 2002, pp. 129-153. [download]
    13. "Be-Ness and Nothingness in The Secret Doctrine," The Theosophist, Vol.123, # 8, May 2002, pp. 302-306. [download]
    14. "Framing and Unveiling in the Emergence of the Three Orders of Value," The American Journal of Theology and Philosophy, Vol. 23, No.1, Jan. 2002, pp. 52-61. [download]
    15. "Jaspers and the Axial Transfiguration of History," Jaspers on Philosophy and History of Philosophy, ed. Joseph W. Koterski, S.J. and Ray Langley, (Amherst, NY: Humanities Press, 2003), pp 295-302. [download]
    16. "Neville's `Naturalism' and the Location of God," Critical Studies in the Thought of Robert C. Neville, ed. C. Harley Chapman and Nancy Frankenberry, (Albany: SUNY, 1998), pp. 127-146. Also published in The American Journal of Theology & Philosophy, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 257-280. [download (includes Neville's "Reply to Serious Critics" from same issue)]
    17. "Empirical Theology and its Divergence from Process Thought," Introduction to Christian Theology, ed. Roger A. Badham, (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1998), pp. 166-179. [download]
    18. "A Unitarian Universalist Theology for the Twenty-first Century: Toward an Ecstatic Naturalism," Unitarian Universalist Voice, Vol. III, No. 3, Fall 1997, pp. 1-9. [download]
    19. "Classical American Metaphysics: Retrospect and Prospect," Philosophy and Experience: American Philosophy in Transition, ed. Richard E. Hart and Douglass R. Anderson, (New York: Fordham University Press, 1997), pp. 260-281. [download]
    20. "Taoism and Ecstatic Naturalism." CKTS Newsletter (Center of Korea Theological Studies at Drew University). September 15, 1997. [download]
    21. "Peirce's Abjection of the Maternal," Semiotics 1993, ed. Robert S. Corrington and John Deely, (New York: Peter Lang, 1995), pp. 590-594. [download]
    22. "Peirce's Ecstatic Naturalism: The Birth of the Divine in Nature," American Journal of Theology and Philosophy, Vol. 16, No. 2, May 1995, pp. 173-187. [download]
    23. "Beyond Experience: Pragmatism and Nature's God," American Journal of Theology and Philosophy, Vol. 14, No. 2, May 1993, pp. 147-160. [download]
    24. "Nature's God and the Return of the Material Maternal," The American Journal of Semiotics, Vol. 10, Nos. 1-2, 1993, pp. 115-132. [download]
    25. "Peirce's Abjected Unconscious: A Psychoanalytic Profile," Semiotics 1992, ed. Deely, (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1993), pp. 91-103. [download]
    26. "From World Exegesis to Transcendence: Jaspers's Critique of Nietzsche," Karl Jaspers: Philosopher Among Philosophers: Philosoph unter Philosophen, ed. Wisser & Ehrlich, (Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann, 1993), pp. 77-87. [download]
    27. "The Ground of Being and the Return of the Material Maternal," Newsletter of the North American Tillich Society, Vol. XIX, No. 3, July 1993, pp. 3-8. [download]
    28. "Peirce's Melancholy," Semiotics 1991, ed. Deely & Prewitt, (Lanham, MD: The University Press of America, 1992), pp. 332-340. [download]
    29. "Hermeneutics and Loyalty," Frontiers in American Philosophy, Vol. I, ed. Robert Burch and Herman Saatkamp, Jr. (College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 1992), pp. 357- 364. [download]
    30. "Ecstatic Naturalism and the Transfiguration of the Good," Empirical Theology: A Handbook, ed. Randolph C. Miller, (Birmingham: Religious Education Press, 1992), pp. 203-221. [download]
    31. "Peirce and the Semiosis of the Holy," Semiotics 1990, ed. Haworth, Deely, & Prewitt, (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1991), pp. 345-353. [download]
    32. "The Emancipation of American Philosophy," APA Newsletter: Blacks in Philosophy, Vol. 90, No. 3, 1991, pp. 23-26, with a reply by Cornel West. [download]
    33. "Josiah Royce and Communal Semiotics," Recent Developments in Theory and History: The Semiotic Web 1990, ed. Sebeok & Umiker-Sebeok, (Berlin: Mouton de Gryter, 1991), pp. 61-87. [download]
    34. "Ordinality and the Divine Natures," Nature's Perspectives: Prospects for Ordinal Metaphysics, ed. Kathleen Wallace, Armen Marsoobian, Robert S. Corrington, (Albany: SUNY Press, 1991), pp. 347-366.[download]
    35. "Horizons and Contours: Toward an Ordinal Phenomenology," Metaphilosophy, Vol. 22, No. 3, 1991, pp. 179-189. [download abstract]
    36. "Emerson and the Agricultural Midworld," Agriculture and Human Values, Vol. VII, No. 1, 1990, pp. 20-26. Reprinted in The Agrarian Roots of Pragmatism, ed. Paul B. Thompson and Thomas C. Hilde, (Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 2000), pp.140-152. [download]
    37. "Transcendence and the Loss of the Semiotic Self," Semiotics 1989, ed. John Deely (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1990), pp. 339-345. [download]
    38. "Finite Idealism: The Midworld and its History," Bucknell Review, Vol. 34, No. 1, 1990, pp. 85-95. [download]
    39. "Conversation Between Justus Buchler and Robert S. Corrington," The Journal of Speculative Philosophy: New Series, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1989, pp. 261-274.
    40. "Faith and the Signs of Expectation," Semiotics 1988, ed. Terry Prewitt (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1989), pp. 203-209. [download]
    41. "Semiosis and the Phenomenon of Worldhood," Semiotics 1987, ed. John Deely (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1988), pp. 383-393. [download]
    42. "Metaphysics Without Foundations: Jaspers' Confrontation with Nietzsche," Dialogos, Vol. 52, 1988, pp. 73-95. [download]
    43. "John William Miller's `The Owl'," Transactions of the C.S.Peirce Society, Vol. XXIV, No. 3, 1988, pp. 395-398. [download]
    44. "Being and Faith: Sein und Zeit and Luther," Anglican Theological Review, Vol. LXX, No. 1, 1988, pp. 16-31. [download]
    45. "Toward a Transformation of Neoclassical Theism," International Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 27, No. 4, Winter 1987, pp. 391-406. [download]
    46. "Royce on Freedom: Reply to Robert Burch," The Idea of Freedom in American Philosophy ed. Donald S. Lee Tulane Studies in Philosophy, Vol. XXXV, (New Orleans: Tulane University Press, 1987), pp. 31-34. [download]
    47. "Natural Law and Emancipation: Toward a Theonomous Democracy," Law and Semiotics: Vol. I, ed. Roberta Kevelson (New York: Plenum Publishers, 1987), pp. 159-179. [download]
    48. "Introduction to John William Miller's `For Idealism'," The Journal of Speculative Philosophy: New Series, Vol. I, No. 4, 1987, pp. 257-259. [download]
    49. "Introduction and Reflection: Through Temporality to Ordinality," Pragmatism Considers Phenomenology, ed. Robert S. Corrington, Carl Hausman, & Thomas Seebohm, (Lanham, Md: University Press of America and The Center for Advanced Research in Phenomenology, 1987), pp. 1-35. [download]
    50. "Hermeneutics and Psychopathology: Jaspers and Hillman," Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology, Vol. 7, No. 2 Fall 1987, pp. 70-80. [download]
    51. "Finitude and Transcendence in the Thought of Justus Buchler," The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 25, No. 4, Winter 1987, pp. 445-459. [download]
    52. "C.G. Jung and the Archetypal Foundations of Semiosis," Semiotics 1986, ed. Jonathan Evans & John Deely (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1987), pp. 398-405. [download]
    53. "John William Miller and the Ontology of the Midworld," Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society, vol. 22, Spring 1986, pp. 165-188. Winner of John William Miller Prize. [download]
    54. "Josiah Royce and the Sign Community," Semiotics 1985, ed. John Deely (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1986), pp. 238-247. [download]
    55. "Naturalism, Measure, and the Ontological Difference," The Southern Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 23, No. 1, Spring 1985, pp. 19-32. [download]
    56. "Justus Buchler's Ordinal Metaphysics and the Eclipse of Foundationalism," International Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 25, No. 3, September 1985, pp. 289-98. Winner of Greenlee Prize . [download]
    57. "A Comparison of Royce's Key Notion of the Community of Interpretation with the Hermeneutics of Gadamer and Heidegger," Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society, Vol. 20, Summer 1984, pp. 279-301. [download]
    58. "Horizonal Hermeneutics and the Actual Infinite," Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal of the New School, vol. 8, Spring 1982, pp. 36-97. [download]
    59. Letter to the Editor, "Heidegger Was Heroic," The Christian Century, August 4-11, 1982, p. 832. [download]
    60. "Schleiermacher's Phenomenology of Consciousness and its Relation to His General Ontology," Church Divinity 1981, ed. John H. Morgan (Notre Dame: Church Divinity Monograph Series, 1981), pp. 24-41. Winner of Church Divinity Essay Contest [download]
    61. "The Christhood of Things (Hopkins' Poem The Windhover)," The Drew Gateway, Vol. 52, Fall 1981, pp. 41-47. [download]
    62. "The Experience of Ringing (Meditations on the Later Heidegger)," The Drew Gateway, vol. 51, Winter 1980, pp. 31-48. [download]
    63. "Toward a New Foundation for Pluralism in Religion," Chrysalis, vol. 3, 1978-1979, pp. 26-42. [download]

      D. Book Reviews

        1. The Biology of Religious Behavior: The Evolutionary Origin of Faith and Religion, edited by Jay R. Feierman, American Journal of Theology and Philosophy, Vol. 32, No.2, May 2011, pp. 189-193. [download]
        2. Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death, by F.W.H. Myers and Mind to Mind, by Rene Warcollier International Journal of Parapsychology, Vol.XIII, No. 1, 2002.
        3. Within Time and Beyond Time: A Festschrift for Pearl King, ed. Ricardo Steiner & Jennifer Johns, Quest, Vol. 91, # 2, pp. 76. [download]
        4. Varieties of Transcendental Experience: A Study in Constructive Postmodernism, by Donald L. Gelpi, Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society, Vol. XXXVIII, # 3, Summer 2002, pp 457-463. [download]
        5. Freud, Jung, and Spiritual Psychology, by Rudolf Steiner, Quest, Vol. 89, # 5, January-February 2002, p. 34. [download]
        6. Peirce, Pragmatism, and the Logic of Scripture, by Peter Ochs Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Vol. 67, No. 3, pp. 698-700. [download]
        7. The Truth of Broken Symbols, by Robert C. Neville, The Review of Metaphysics, September 1997, pp. 168-169.[download]
        8. Events of Grace: Naturalism, Existentialism, and Theology, by Charley D. Hardwick, The Journal of Religion, Vol. 78, No. 3, 1998, pp. 452-453. [download]
        9. Emerson: The Mind on Fire, by Robert D. Richardson Jr., The Journal of Speculative Philosophy: New Series, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 77-81. [download]
        10. Transcendental Utopias: Individual and Community at Brook Farm, Fruitlands, and Walden, by Richard Francis, World: The Journal of the Unitarian Universalist Association, Vol. XI, No. 6, November/December 1997, pp. 66-67.
        11. Charles Peirce's Guess at the Riddle, by John K. Sheriff, International Studies in Philosophy, Vol. XXX, No. 4, 1998, pp. 146-147. [download]
        12. The Spiritual Quest: Transcendence in Myth, Religion, and Science, by Robert M. Torrance, The Journal of the American Academy of Religion, Vol. LXV, No. 1, Spring 1997, pp. 212-215. [download]
        13. Pragmatism and Pluralism, by Jerome Paul Soneson, Transactions of the C. S. Peirce Society, Vol. XXXI, No. 3, Summer 1995, pp. 430-437. [download]
        14. Science, Knowledge, and Mind: A Study in the Philosophy of C. S. Peirce, by C. F. Delaney, The American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. LXIX, No. 1, Winter 1995, pp. 98-101. [download]
        15. Signs Becoming Signs: Our Perfusive, Pervasive Universe, by Floyd Merrell, The Review of Metaphysics, Vol. XLVII, No. 1, Sept. 1993, pp. 161-163.[download]
        16. Semiotics in the United States, by Thomas A. Sebeok, The Review of Metaphysics, Vol. XLVI, No. 2, December 1992, pp. 422-423. [download]
        17. Basics of Semiotics, by John Deely, The American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. LXVI, No. 1, Winter 1992, pp. 99-102. [download]
        18. A Sign is Just a Sign, by Thomas A. Sebeok, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy: New Series, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1992, pp. 158-166. [download]
        19. The Philosophy of Charles Hartshorne, Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. XX, ed. Lewis Edwin Hahn, SAAP Newsletter, Vol. 62, June 1992, pp. 14-21. [download]
        20. Genesis and Apocalypse: A Theological Voyage Toward Authentic Christianity, by Thomas J.J. Altizer, Theology Today, Vol. XLIX, No. 1, 1992, pp. 132-134. [download]
        21. Hartshorne, Process Philosophy, and Theology, ed. Kane & Phillips, SAAP Newsletter, No. 56, June 1990, pp. 31-33.
        22. Consciousness in New England: From Puritanism and Ideas to Psychoanalysis and Semiotic, by James Hoopes, SAAP Newsletter, No. 56, June 1990, pp. 39-41. [download]
        23. Process in Context: Essays in Post-Whiteheadian Perspectives, ed. Ernest Wolf-Gazo, Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society, Vol. 26, No. 4, 1990, pp. 550-557. [download]
        24. Varieties of Unbelief: From Epicurus to Sartre, ed. J.C.A. Gaskin, Teaching Philosophy, Vol. 13, No. 3, 1990, pp. 282-285. [download]
        25. Royce's Mature Philosophy of Religion, by Frank M. Oppenheim, Journal of the History of Philosophy, Vol. 28, No. 1, 1990, pp. 146-147. [download]
        26. American Religious Empiricism & History Making History: The New Historicism in American Religious Thought, by William Dean, The Journal of Speculative Philosophy : New Series, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1989, pp. 223-230. [download]
        27. The Reasoning Heart: Toward a North American Theology, ed. by Frank M. Oppenheim, S.J., Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society, Vol. XXV, No. 1, 1989, pp. 80-84. [download]
        28. Lectures on Philosophical Theology, by Immanuel Kant, trans. Allen W. Wood and Gertrude M. Clark, History of European Ideas, Vol. 9, No. 5, 1988, pp. 604-606.
        29. Introducing Semiotic: Its History and Doctrine, by John Deely, The New Scholasticism, Vol. LXII, No. 1, Winter 1988, pp. 118-122. [download]
        30. The Naturalists and the Supernatural, by William M. Shea, Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society, Vol. XXIII, No. 4, Fall 1987, pp. 597-604. [download]
        31. Alfred North Whitehead: The Man and His Work, Volume I: 1861-1910, by Victor Lowe, Journal of the History of Philosophy, Vol. 25, No. 3, July 1987, pp. 460-461. [download]
        32. Emerson: Days of Encounter, by John McAleer, Transactions of the C.S. Peirce Society, vol. 22, Spring 1986, pp. 225-231. [download]
        33. The Theology of Schleiermacher, by Karl Barth, The Drew Gateway vol. 53, Winter 1983, pp. 55-59. [download]

          E. Semiotica Series

            1. "World Making, World Taking: The Artifactual Basis of Worldhood," review essay on Messages and Meanings: An Introduction to Semiotics, Semiotica, Vol.131, No. 3/4, 2000, pp. 229-243. [download]
            2. "Regnant Signs: The Semiosis of Liturgy," review essay on Per Visibilia Ad Invisibilia: Anthropological, Theological, Semiotic Studies on the Liturgy and the Sacraments, ed. by van Tongeren and C. Caspers, Semiotica, Vol. 117, No. 1, pp. 19-42. [download]
            3. "A Web as Vast as Nature Itself," review essay on The Human Use of Signs: Elements of Anthroposemiosis, by John Deely, Semiotica, Vol. 111, Nos. 1 & 2, July 1996, pp. 103-115. [download]
            4. "Peirce the Melancholy Prestidigitator," review essay on Charles Sanders Peirce: A Life, by Joseph Brent, Semiotica, Vol. 94, Nos. 1 & 2, 1993, pp. 85-101. [download]

              F. Plays Authored

              G. Biography of Justus Buchler
              • Kathleen A. Wallace, "Justus Buchler Biography," Dictionary of Literary Biography (Thomson Gale, 2006). [download]

              H. Items about Dr. Corrington and His Work
                1. Badham, Paul. Review of A Semiotic Theory of Theology and Philosophy, by Robert S. Corrington. Theology (Sept-Oct, 2001). [download]
                2. Badham, Roger A. "Windows on the Ecstatic: Reflections on Robert Corrington's Naturalism." Soundings 82, nos. 3-4 (Fall/Winter 1999): 357-381. [download]
                3. ________. Review of Nature's Self, by Robert S. Corrington. Critical Review of Books in Religion. Journal of the American Academy of Religion and Journal of Biblical Literature, 1996. pp. 360-365. [download]
                4. De Marzio, Darryl Matthew. "Robert Corrington and the Philosophy for Children Program: Communities of Interpretation and Communities of Inquiry." M.A. thesis, Montclair State University, 1997. [download]
                5. Driskill, Todd A. "Beyond the Text: Ecstatic Naturalism and American Pragmatism." American Journal of Theology & Philosophy 15, no. 3 (Sept., 1994): 305-325. [download]
                6. Frankenberry, Nancy. Review of Nature's Self, by Robert S. Corrington. Journal of the American Academy of Religion66, no. 1 (Spring, 1998): 171-173. [download]
                7. Gale Reference, "Biography--Corrington, Robert S. (1950-)" Contemporary Authors Online (Thomson Gale, 2006). [download]
                8. Gudmarsdottir, Sigridur. "Corrington, Robert S. (1950-)." Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature. New York: Thoeemes Continuum, 2005. [download]
                9. Hardwick, Charley D. "Metaphysical Priority and Physicalist Naturalism in Robert Corrington's Ordinal Metaphysics." American Journal of Theology & Philosophy 27, nos. 2-3 (May-Spet. 2006): 214-224. [download]
                10. ________. "Worldhood, Betweenness, Melancholy, and Ecstasy: an Engagement with Robert Corrington's Ecstatic Naturalism." American Journal of Theology & Philosophy 26, no. 3 (Sept. 2005): 238. [download]
                11. Kennett, Stephen A. Review of The Community of Interpreters, by Robert S. Corrington. SAAP Newsletter 59 (June, 1991): 15-16. [download]
                12. Kim, Jean H. "Chaos and Order in Nature/Creation: A Reading of Genesis 1-2:4a in Dialogue with Science and Philosophy." The Journal of Faith and Science Exchange Col. III (1999), pp. 193-203. [download]
                13. ________. "Unbearable Fire and Water: The Search for the Spirit of Women in the Discussion of Paul Tillich's 'Spiritual Presence' and Robert S. Corrington's 'Spirit's Eros'." Feminist Theology Review 3 (March,2003), pp. 121-144. [download]
                14. Neville, Robert Cummings. "Comments on Nature's Religion and Robert Corrington's Aesthetic Naturalism." American Journal of Theology & Philosophy 26, no. 3 (Sept. 2005): 3. [download]
                15. ________. Review of Nature and Spirit, by Robert S. Corrington. International Philosophical Quarterly 34, no. 4 (Dec., 1994): 504-505. [download]
                16. Nguyen, Nam Trung. "Nature's Primal Self: An Ecstatic Naturalist Critique of the Anthropocentrism of Peirce's Pragmatism and Jaspers' Existentialism." Ph.D. dissertation, Drew University, 2002. [download: abstract; full text]
                17.  ________. Nature's Primal Self: Peirce, Jaspers, and Corrington. Lanham, M.D. Lexington Books, 2012.
                18. Niemoczynski, Leon J. Charles Sanders Peirce and a Religious Metaphysics of Nature. Lanham, M.D. Lexington Books, 2011.
                19. ________. "Nature's Transcendental Creativity: Deleuze, Corrington, and an Aesthetic Phenomenology."American Journal of Theology & Philosophy 34, no. 1 (Jan., 2013): 17-34.
                20. ________. Review of Religious Naturalism Today: The Rebirth of a Forgotten Alternative, by Jerome Stone. SAAP Newsletter, Vol. 108, November, 2009, pp. 60-62. [download]
                21. ________. "The Sacred Depths of Nature: An Ontology of the Possible in the Philosophy of Peirce and Heidegger." Ph.D. dissertation, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, 2009. [download
                22. Niemoczynski, Leon J. and Nam T. Nguyen, eds. A Philosophy of Sacred Nature: Prospects for Ecstatic Naturalism. Lanham, M.D. Lexington Books, 2014.
                23. Pettit, Joseph. Review of Nature's Religion, by Robert S. Corrington. The Journal of Religion 80, no. 1 (Jan., 2000): 149-151. [download]
                24. Ramal, Randy. Review of Nature and Spirit; Ecstatic Naturalism; Nature's Self; and Nature's Religion, by Robert S. Corrington. Process Studies 21, no. 9 (2000): 183-185. [download]
                25. Raposa, Micahel L. Review of A Semiotic Theory of Theology and Philosophy, by Robert S. Corrington. Modern Theology 18, no. 2 (April 2002): 302-304. [download]
                26. Sharp, Douglas R. Review of The Community of Interpreters, by Robert S. Corrington. Church History 59, no. 4 (Dec., 1990): 592-594. [download]
                27. Stone, Jerome A. "Other Current Religious Naturalists: Robert Corrington." In Religious Naturalism Today: The Rebirth of a Forgotten Alternative, 211-219. (SUNY Press, 2008). [download]
                28. Ward, Roger. Review of A Semiotic Theory of Theology and Philosophy, by Robert S. Corrington. Philosophy in Review 21, no. 6 (December 2001): 411-413. [download]
                29. ________. "Robert Corrington and the Transformation of Consciousness." In Conversion in American Philosophy: Exploring the Process of Transformation. (New York: Fordham University Press, 2004), 203-216. [download]
                30. Wikipedia entry, "Robert S. Corrington." [web; download]
                31. Wildman, Wesley J. Review of A Semiotic Theory of Theology and Philosophy, by Robert S. Corrington. The Journal of Religion 82, no. 4 (Oct., 2002): 657-658. [download]
                32. Woodward, Guy. "Cleaving the Light: The Necessity of Metaphysics in the Practice of Theology." M.A. thesis, Loras College, 1997.
                33. Zrinski, Tara M. "The Desire to Know and the Will to Suppress: A Thesis Concerning the Evolution of Western Civilization and the Human Process." B.A. thesis, Drew University, 1997. [download library catalog record]

                  (Items in this guide are part of a larger bibliography belonging to Robert S. Corrington's website. They are posted here with permission from the website's author.)